compiled by Wolfgang A. Nässig
The fauna of the Saturniidae of the Indonesian island
of Sumatra was published in 1996 (see below).
Later additions and comments are added in footnotes.
also under Heterocera
of Sumatran Saturniidae
Superfamily Bombycoidea Latreille, 1802
Family Saturniidae Boisduval,  1834
Subfamily Saturniinae Boisduval,  1834
Tribe Attacini Blanchard, 1840
Genus Attacus Linnaeus, 1767
Attacus atlas (Linnaeus, 1758) (species
see on page 23 of the book)
Genus Archaeoattacus Watson, 1914
Archaeoattacus staudingeri (Rothschild,
1895) (p. 25)
Genus Samia Hübner,  1816
Samia insularis vaneeckei (Watson, 1913)
Tribe Saturniini Boisduval, 
Genus Actias Leach, 1815
Actias maenas diana Maassen,  (p.
Genus Cricula Walker, 1855
Actias selene vandenberghi Roepke, 1956 (p. 33)
Cricula sumatrensis Jordan, 1939 (p. 36)
Genus Antheraea Hübner,  1816
Cricula elaezia Jordan, 1909 (p. 37)
Cricula trifenestrata javana Watson, 1913 (p.
Subgenus Antheraeopsis Wood-Mason, 1886
youngi Watson, 1915 (p. 48) (see
Subgenus Antheraea Hübner,  1816
larissa (Westwood, 1847) (p. 50) (see
Genus Loepa Moore, 
Antheraea (Antheraea) platessa Rothschild, 1903
(nec jana (Stoll, 1782)) (p. 51) (see
Antheraea (Antheraea) gschwandneri Niepelt, 1918
(species-complex?) (p. 53) (see
Antheraea (Antheraea) billitonensis Moore, 1878
known from Belitung Island) (p. 55)
Antheraea (Antheraea) brunei Allen & Holloway,
1986 (only known from Belitung Island) (p. 56) (see
Antheraea (Antheraea) rosieri (Toxopeus, 1940)
(p. 57) (see
Antheraea (Antheraea) pratti Bouvier, 1928 (p.
Antheraea (Antheraea) helferi borneensis Moore,
1892 (p. 59)
Antheraea (Antheraea) diehli Lemaire, 1979 (p.
Antheraea (Antheraea) (pernyi) roylii (see
footnote 8) korintjiana
Bouvier, 1928 (p. 61)
Antheraea (Antheraea) lampei Nässig &
Holloway, 1989 (p. 63)
Loepa megacore Jordan, 1911 (p. 67)
Genus Lemaireia Nässig & Holloway, 1987
Loepa sumatrana Nässig, Lampe & Kager,
1989 (p. 65)
Loepa sikkima javanica Mell, 1938 (p. 66)
Lemaireia loepoides (Butler, 1880) (p.
Lemaireia chrysopeplus (Toxopeus, 1940) (p. 70)
This taxon was
called ssp. seitzi Kalis, 1934 in the Sumatran fauna of 1996. However,
as was shown by U. & L. H. Paukstadt (1999, “Anmerkungen zum taxonomischen
Status von Actias selene seitzi Kalis 1934 und Actias selene
vandenberghi Roepke 1956 (stat. rev.), sowie zur geographischen Verbreitung
dieser Taxa in Südostasien (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae)”, Entomologische
Zeitschrift 109 (12): 484–491), the populations of the selene-group
from Java and the other parts of Sundaland (Neomalaya) are not identical.
seitzi shows shorter prolongations of the juxta in
the male genitalia than vandenberghi (and some other populations).
The taxon vandenberghi was described from Sumatra and is therefore
the correct name for the Sumatran
selene-population; according to
U. & L.H. Paukstadt, the status of the Peninsular Malaysian and Bornean
populations may require further study. — Back.
In 1996, this
taxon youngi Watson, 1915 was interpreted as a subspecies of castanea
Jordan, 1910. It was then raised to full species status by Nässig
& Treadaway (July 1998, “The Saturniidae (Lepidoptera)
of the Philippines”). See also U. Paukstadt, L.H. Paukstadt & U.
Brosch (1998a [August], Entomol. Z. 108 (8): 317–327), who published
some additional information on the Sumatran fauna of Antheraea.
For some recent
discussion about A. larissa see the footnote about this on the Philippines
page (here). See also on the Sundaland
page. — Back.
In a recent
publication, L. H. and U. Paukstadt (1999 [28. December]: “Die Beschreibung
der Präimaginalstadien von Antheraea (Antheraea) platessa W.
Rothschild, 1903 von Nord Borneo [sic], sowie Angaben zur Biologie und
Ökologie (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae)”. — Galathea, Ber. Krs. Nürnberger
Entomol., Suppl. 6: 13–22) described the larva of the Bornean A.
platessa. It is quite similar to all other species of the frithi-subgroup,
but shows distinctive dorsal scoli on meso- and metathorax in last instar.
Regrettably it was not stated whether the dorsal scoli on A8 are separated
in last instar (as illustrated for earlier instars) or fused. — Back.
et al. (1998a, see above) distinguished A. gschwandneri
and A. sumatrana Niepelt, 1926 as two separate species, summing
up to a total of 13 Antheraea species on Sumatra and adjacent smaller
islands. Although there is some external difference between the rediscovered
type specimens of the two taxa, we — during our research for the 1996 publication
with long series of material — did not find any reliable
character (neither in external morphology, which is extremely variable
and, especially, shows all intermediates, nor in the male genitalia, where
we did not find any constant differences as well) which appears to be clearly
separating these two species. However, we appear to have only one or a
very few specimens of Niepelt’s gschwandneri. Further research is
necessary to assess the situation. — As long as I have personal doubt in
the existance of these two taxa as separate species (because I cannot distinguish
them reliably), I prefer not to list them separately. Species-specific
differences in closely related groups of Antheraea populations often
cannot reliably be found in external or genitalia morphology; the only
reliable way to find the borderlines between species under these taxa will
most likely be a biochemical study (analysis of sexual pheromones or alloenzyme
electrophoresis or DNA studies or similar). — Antheraea (Antheraea)
U. Paukstadt et al., 1998 was described from SE Burma (Myanmar) (U. Paukstadt,
L.H. Paukstadt & U. Brosch, 1998b, “Antheraea (Antheraea) myanmarensis
n. sp., eine neue Saturniide von Südostasien (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae)”.
— Entomologische Zeitschrift 108 (2): 57–64). However, there is
one specimen in SMFL which from external characters evidently belongs to
myanmarensis, collected in 1979 in northern Sumatra (Aceh, Langsa),
dissection no. 545/87 W. Nässig, via coll. S. Kager in CWAN in Senckenberg;
illustrated in the 1996 Sumatra fauna on Plate 2, Fig. 7. So either myanmarensis
also lives on Sumatra (species no. 14 or so of the genus?), or it is no
real biological species; as a third alternative, it should be assessed
whether myanmarensis and gschwandneri sensu Paukstadt et
al. (1998a) and Niepelt are closely related or even synonyms; a picture
of the type specimen of gschwandneri in Vienna seen by me very closely
resembles A. myanmarensis. — Back.
by Nässig & Treadaway (1998: 379), only the male from Belitung
can reliably be identified as A. brunei. The two females from Sumatra
figured in 1996 are only doubtfully identificable as A. brunei.
Thus a proof for the presence of A. brunei on Sumatra proper is
still lacking. However, the interpretation by U. Paukstadt et al. (1998a,
see above) may well be correct. — Back.
For the possibly
wrong gender ending of the name in the original spelling see the comments
by Nässig & Treadaway (1998: 304, footnote 51) and by U. Paukstadt
et al. (1998a: 321). It is, however, strongly recommendable not to change
the original spelling in favour of the stability of nomenclature (see also
the new, 4th edition of the Code!). — Back.
was described twice by Moore, in 1859 and , with different spellings
(roylii and roylei). However, as the spelling in the earlier
publication clearly is roylii,
this must be accepted as the correct original spelling. In the Sumatra
checklist of 1996, the incorrect subsequent spelling was used. — Thanks
to U. Brosch for his notice (in litt. 1998). — Our lectotype designation
for korintjiana in 1996 was incorrect, see U. Paukstadt et al. (1998a:
323). Evidently Bouvier in 1928 did not have the complete material before
him. — Back.
As L. megacore
and L. sumatrana are, according to our present knowledge, more closely
related to each other than to L. sikkima, this changed order of
species (as compared with the 1996 publication) appears to be more logical.
Availability & prices: see here.
of the Saturniidae of Sumatra
picture: Top: Loepa sumatrana Nässig, Lampe & Kager 1989,
Bottom: Males of Cricula sumatrensis Jordan 1939 (left: yellowish
orange form, right: reddish orange form). — Two Saturniidae species endemic
(8th volume of the "Green Book Series")
Sumatrana Society e. V., D-37085 Göttingen
June 1996 — ISSN 0724-1348
Postal address: Heterocera
Sumatrana Society e. V., c/o Prof. Dr. Lutz W. R. Kobes (address: ),
Kreuzburger Strasse 6, D-37085 Göttingen, Federal Republic of Germany
(address for requests, orders, and manuscripts). — Copyright © 1996,
Heterocera Sumatrana Society e. V. — All rights reserved/Alle Rechte vorbehalten.
— Zuschriften, Bestellungen und Manuskripte an Heterocera Sumatrana Society
e. V., c/o Prof. Dr. Lutz W. R. Kobes, Kreuzburger Straße 6, D-37085
Göttingen, BR Deutschland. ISBN 3-925055-09-6
Heteroc. Sumatr. 10:
3–110; D-37084 Göttingen, June 1996 — ISSN 0724-1348
Wolfgang A. Nässig 1,
Rudolf E. J. Lampe,
and Stefan Kager
1 35th contribution
to the knowledge of the Saturniidae.
A. Nässig, Entomologie II, Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg, Senckenberganlage
25, D-60325 Frankfurt/Main, Federal Republic of Germany
Rudolf E. J. Lampe†, Nürnberg, Federal Republic of Germany (deceased 2011)
Dr. med. Stefan Kager†, Nürnberg,
Federal Republic of Germany (deceased 1998)
List of contents:
W. A. Nässig, R. E. J. Lampe & S. Kager:
The Saturniidae of Sumatra (Lepidoptera)
W. A. Nässig, R. E. J. Lampe & S. Kager:
The preimaginal instars of some Sumatran and South
East Asian species of Saturniidae, including general notes on the genus
U. Buchsbaum & F. Brüggemeier:
Antheraea (Antheraea) diehli Lemaire discovered
on Nias Island, with notes on the eggs and a rearing attempt